One of the most important pieces of a compound archers kit is the release aid. The release aid simplifies the release process and prevent sloppy releases. Therefore choosing the right release aid can make your live as an archer much easier, but therefore you need information on what features a release aid provide. There are so many different releases that it can be hard to distinguish them.
In this article I will focus on the different types of releases. I will first give a brief overview on the different releases. The next topic is what archers profile fits with every type of release. In the end I will give some extra tips and discuss my personal favorite.
There are many different types of releases, but the most popular are the caliper wrist release and the handheld thumb release. For beginners these releases are recommended because it’s easy to get used to and there are many options available. It’s recommended for a beginning archer to start with a inexpensive release, because most archers switch within 2 years.
The different types of releases
Many different releases have been developed over the years. These releases differ mainly in two important aspects: the trigger mechanism and the grip. In this section I will discuss each release in more detail.
Caliper wrist release
The caliper wrist release is one of the most popular release types. This release is popular because it’s simple and easy to use. Because this release type is so common there are many expensive, but also very cheap options available. This release attaches to your wrist with a wrist strap, therefore you don’t have to grasp the release when drawing the bow.
The name ‘’caliper’’ refers to the mouth of the release mechanism. With this release both parts of the mouth open when you pull the trigger. You pull the trigger with your index finger to fire the shot After you pull the trigger the mouth closes automatically by the tension of an internal spring. Therefore you have to pull the trigger when you want to attach the release to the D-loop.
Caliper handheld release
There is also a handheld version of the caliper release. This version however is quite uncommon, because most archers prefer a thumb release when they decide to buy a handheld release. There are even a few handheld caliper releases that are activated with the thumb instead of the index finger, but these are very rare.
Thumb wrist release
The biggest and most important difference between the caliper wrist release and the thumb wrist release is the release mechanism. As the title gives away, this release is activated with the thumb. This release also has no mouth where the top and bottom both open. This release has one jaw that keeps the D-loop retained.
Thumb wrist releases look often quite similar to caliper wrist releases. They both have a wrist strap, a release housing and a rope or rod that connects the two together. Thumb releases however are often have a shorter rope or rod, because the length between the thumb and wrist is smaller than the length between the thumb and index finger. Thumb releases also often have a larger trigger to accommodate the thumb.
There are also thumb and caliper releases that have an adjustable rope, which makes you able to use it both with your index finger as your thumb.
Handheld Thumb release
Although the thumb handheld release has a similar mechanism to the wrist release, the look very different. This is because you grip the release with your index, middle and ring finger. And anchor upside down behind your jaw. This release is very common and there are a wide variety of options available.
There are also handheld releases that have a wrist strap. This wrist strap is only used to pull the bow through the let off. When the bow is pulled trough the let off the archer grabs release with their three fingers and use it as a standard thumb release. Compound archers that have no wrist strap sometimes add a thin cord to the release, which is slung around the wrist, to prevent it from dropping on the ground after the shot is fired.
Just like the wrist release, the thumb release also have caliper versions. The grip of these releases is the same, only the mechanism of the release is the same as the standard caliper versions.
Back tension release
The back tension releases come both in wrist mounted versions just like the caliper and thumb release. These release often also incorporate a thumb release and or wrist release. The back tension release is not activated by a trigger but by using the tension that is created when you pull the bow back. If you are at full draw you activate the mechanism by pulling the release backwards. Since your bow is at max draw, the string won’t move further backwards but you will create extra tension on the release. When the tension goes over a certain threshold the release automatically fires the shot.
This release is preferred by some archers because it creates a surprise effect when you shoot the arrow. This prevents flinching which is a common mistake with traditional thumb and caliper releases. Shooting correctly with a back tension release can however be quite hard to learn and strenuous for your muscles.
Not a lot of archers use the hinge release because it has quite an unusual mechanism. When you draw the bow you hold the release straight. To fire this release you have to cant the release, either upwards or downwards to fire. When the release is in the right orientation it will automatically fire the shot. It can take archers months to learn how to shoot with a hinge release because the firing process is so different. The advantage of this release is the same as the back tension release, it creates a surprise effect, which reduces flinching.
Many professional archers prefer the back tension releases because it also makes sure that you apply enough back tension and avoids interference with the string. Many starting archers don’t prefer these releases either because it’s very hard to get used to this shooting style. Therefore archery shops often have just one or two hinge releases available and they tend to be quite expensive.
The most common release types
In this article I have discussed all different release types to provide you with a complete overview. Some release are much more preferred by archers, because they fit certain needs. In this section I want to show that the most common release types are: caliper wrist release, handheld thumb release and back tension release. To make it more visual I provided a table below with my estimations of the popularity per release type.
|Caliper wrist release||45%|
|Caliper handheld release||5%|
|Thumb wrist release||3%|
|Handheld thumb release||35%|
|Back tension release||7%|
This estimation is based purely on my own observations so don’t expect it to be very accurate, it’s just to give an overview of the most popular releases. There is huge variation between archery profiles (hunting and target archery) for example, because these archers have different needs.
Handheld vs. wrist release
There are many different reasons why some people prefer handheld releases over wrist releases or the other way around. The main reasons are discussed below:
- Strain on the fingers: if you use a handheld release the entire draw weight rests on the fingers. This can be uncomfortable for some people, especially if you have a weak grip or a condition in your hand.
- Your anchor point: if you use handheld release you use the back of your jaw to anchor. If use a wrist release you anchor on the back of your cheek. Therefore when you chose between a handheld or a wrist release you have to consider where you want to anchor.
- After the shot: many archers but their handheld release in a small pouch attached to their quiver between shots. Therefore their release is not in the way when retrieving the arrows. This is very impractical with a wrist release, because you have to reattach the wrist strap every time.
To be honest the biggest reason people prefer a handheld or wrist release is because of how it feels. The feeling of a handheld release feels more similar to a tab, while a wrist release has a completely different feeling.Some people just prefer the feeling of a handheld or wrist release.
What is the right type of release for me?
By far the most common releases are the caliper and the thumb release. Those releases are very easy to use for starting archers and allow you to decide exactly when you want to fire. This makes that archers easily improve their shots while using these releases. In the competitive archery scene the back tension release is more common because it prevent flinching because you get surprised by the sudden release.
Many archers have no inherent preference for either of the releases, but chose a release that best fits their situation. In some situations a thumb release is just more practical, while in other situations a caliper release is more practical. In the next sections I will discuss this in more detail based on common archery profiles.
Starting target archer
Most starting archers that want to partake in competitions use a handheld thumb release, because it provides a clear anchor point. It is also very practical that you can quickly store the release without removing a wrist strap. Another advantage of the handheld thumb release is the amount of adjustment possibilities with the trigger and release mechanism.
Caliper wrist releases are in less popular but are sometimes used for people that prefer the feeling of a wrist release. Also starting archers often prefer the caliper release because it’s a simple and easy release to get used to. Many archers however switch after a while to a thumb release, because it’s more practical.
Because the caliper wrist release is most easy to learn, this is the preferred option for a backyard archer. The thumb release can still be quite complicated to learn how to configure and use it. This is not the case with the caliper release. You can basically start shooting right out of the box. If you buy a thumb release expect to do a bit more research on how to use. What might especially be difficult is to find the anchor point. For many archers the anchor point of a thumb release feels quite weird at first.
Hunting (and 3D simulation)
Most hunters and 3D archers prefer the caliper wrist release because you can attach the release very fast to the D-loop. This makes it very fast to get your bow ready to fire. Because the release is attached to your wrist you don’t have to search for it and there is a smaller chance of losing it in the woods.
Back tension and canting releases are an absolute no go for hunters because you can’t fire the shot exactly when you want it. Handheld release are also popular because you can attach it to the string and let it hang on the D-loop. Therefore you can still use your binoculars before the shot even if your release is already attached.
Advanced target archer
Almost all Olympian archers use a back tension release because it prevents flinching. Shooting with this type of release is however very hard to get used to. Therefore even a lot of experienced archers that partake in local tournaments prefer a thumb release. Few archers use a hinge release, to get the same benefit of the back tension release. But since this type of release is quite unorthodox, therefore it isn't that popular among experienced archers.
Two releases I would recommend for starters
By far the most preferred release types for starting archers regardless of their profile are the caliper wrist release and the handheld thumb release. In this section I will therefore discuss two different releases that I would recommend.
Elong archery caliper wrist release
I started my compound archery adventure with this release. What I like that this release is really simple to use and surprisingly comfortable. The price is also an important factor, when you are just starting with compound archery you have to invest a lot in your bow, sight and arrow. The release is one of those items that doesn’t have to be expensive to be decent. Click here if you want to read the full review on this release.
Cupid handheld thumb release
Handheld thumb releases tend to be more expensive than caliper wrist releases because the mechanism is more advanced. The thumb release from Cupid is a good deal because it has all the adjustment options you need and has a really competitive price.
When you are just starting with archery you probably don’t have a preference for a certain release. Therefore I would suggest to buy either of these two releases. When you gain more experience with compound archery you will develop a preference for features and release type. Therefore I wouldn’t suggest to buy an expensive release when you are just starting. I also didn’t recommend any products to experienced archers for this reason, because you probably already know what features you want.
Don’t fall for these traps
Archery is a complex sport therefore archers often make bad choices. In this section I want to discuss a few of these bad choices so you can avoid them.
- Spending a lot of money on your first release: a lot of archers think that they have to spend a lot of money to buy a good release. In my experience I however see little difference in the performance of expensive and cheap releases. Especially when you are just starting, buying an expensive release is not a good idea. You often don’t know what you exactly want from a release, so many archers switch within two years, even if they bought an expensive release.
- Switching to much between releases: you don’t know how you like it until you tried it. This principle is also true in archery, but you shouldn’t overdo it. Don’t be misled by advertisements that tell you that you will shoot more accurate with their release. Accuracy is mostly depending on your own archery skills and not your release. My advice would be to only switch if you don’t like your current release, otherwise you will probably just waste money.
- Switching to fast to a back tension or hinge release: once compound archers advance in the hobby, many want to switch to back tension or hinge release. There are solid reasons to do so, but you have to know that it’s not easy. You can compare it to shooting with a clicker on a recurve bow. You will notice that your scores drop dramatically when you first shoot with this new release and it will take a while to get back at your old level. Therefore it’s a better idea to stay with your current release until you are really ready.
I hope my article was helpful to find the right release. If you have any questions, please leave them in the comments below. I will answer them as soon as possible. If you have any feedback you can leave them down in the comments as well.